A cervical biopsy is a procedure to remove a sample of the cervix so the tissue can be examined under a microscope.
The amount of cervical tissue removed depends on the method used.
• A simple cervical biopsy, sometimes called a punch biopsy, removes a small piece of tissue from the surface of the cervix.
• An endocervical biopsy (endocervical curettage) removes tissue from high in the cervical canal by scraping with a sharp instrument.
• Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out abnormal tissue.
• A cone biopsy (conization) is a more extensive form of a cervical biopsy that removes a cone-shaped wedge of tissue from the cervix.
It is recommended that woman not have sex or douche 24 to 48 hours before a colposcopy/biopsy. These activities can cause inaccurate results.
You may feel some discomfort when the vaginal speculum is inserted. You may feel a pinch and have some cramping if a biopsy sample is taken.
After the test
If you have a biopsy, you may feel some soreness in your vagina for a day or two. Some vaginal bleeding or discharge is normal for up to a week after a biopsy. The discharge may be dark-colored if Monsel’s solution was used. You can use a sanitary pad for the bleeding. Do not douche, have sex, or use tampons for one week, to allow time for your cervix to heal. Do not exercise for one day after your colposcopy.
Follow any instructions your doctor gave you. Call your doctor if you have:
• Heavy vaginal bleeding (more than a normal menstrual period).
• A fever.
• Belly pain.
• Bad-smelling vaginal discharge.
A cervical biopsy is normally performed during a colposcopy. A colposcopy is a procedure that allows the doctor a more in-depth examination of the cervix. After the doctor has identified any abnormal areas of the cervix, small amounts of tissue are taken with biopsy forceps or needle.
The information provided on this site is intended to educate the reader about certain medical conditions and certain possible treatment. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, and medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health care professional. If you believe you, or someone you know suffers from the conditions described herein, please see your health care provider immediately. Do not attempt to treat yourself or anyone else without proper medical supervision.
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